Community Infrastructure goes beyond transportation and housing to include all of the elements of a community that support health equity. This includes community gathering spaces and plazas, well maintained crosswalks and sidewalks, curbs and gutters that are kept clean and functioning, and other infrastructural elements that make a community complete.
Community Infrastructure & Latino Health
In communities where infrastructure is lacking or ill-maintained, individuals are less likely to go outside or feel safe in the community. Ample access to sidewalks and crosswalks encourage walking and exercise, and community spaces that are blight- and garbage-free help build community cohesion and trust.
Research on the safety of children walking and bicycling to school began in the U.S. in the early 1970s and was highlighted by release of the US DOT publication “School Trip Safety and Urban Play Areas” in 1975. The term “Safe Routes to School” was first used in Denmark in the late 1970s as part of a very successful initiative to reduce the number of children killed while walking and bicycling to school.