Hope and Efficacy means that individuals feel that they can meaningfully impact change and contribute to solving larger problems within their immediate family or community. It also includes feelings of optimism for oneself and a future in which all people are able to contribute and succeed.
Hope & Efficacy & Latino Health
Feelings of hope and efficacy allow communities to overcome barriers to health in various ways. When individuals feel hopeful for their future and can see beyond the next five years they are less likely to engage in dangerous or health-damaging behaviors. Community members with high levels of self-efficacy participate in community dialogue and are more likely to advocate for policies and programs that keep the best interests and health of all residents in mind.
Self-Efﬁcacy, Problem Solving, and Social-Environmental Support Are Associated With Diabetes Self-Management Behaviors
Diabetes management requires coordination between the patient and the primary care team. Given the lifestyle changes required for self- management success, patient, social, and environmental factors, including health care and community support, are increasingly recognized as important. Understanding relations among demo- graphic, psychosocial, and social- environmental variables, and multiple health risk behaviors is critical to developing interventions that will sustain health behavior changes.